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Effect of Sun angle on climate



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Credit: David M. Babb
The amount of heat energy received at any location on the globe is a direct effect of Sun angle on climate, as the angle at which sunlight strikes the Earth varies by location, time of day, and season due to the Earth's orbit around the Sun and the Earth's rotation around its tilted axis. Seasonal change in the angle of sunlight, caused by the tilt of the Earth's axis, is the basic mechanism that results in warmer weather in summer than in winter.[1][2][3] Change in day length is another factor.[2][3]
season is a division of the year[1] marked by changes in weatherecology, and the amount of daylight. On Earth, seasons are the result of Earth's orbit around the Sun and Earth's axial tilt relative to the ecliptic plane.[2][3] In temperate and polar regions, the seasons are marked by changes in the intensity of sunlightthat reaches the Earth's surface, variations of which may cause animals to undergo hibernation or to migrate, and plants to be dormant. Various cultures define the number and nature of seasons based on regional variations.
During May, June, and July, the Northern Hemisphere is exposed to more direct sunlight because the hemisphere faces the Sun. The same is true of the Southern Hemisphere in November, December, and January. It is Earth's axial tilt that causes the Sun to be higher in the sky during the summer months, which increases the solar flux. However, due to seasonal lag, June, July, and August are the warmest months in the Northern Hemisphere while December, January, and February are the warmest months in the Southern Hemisphere.
Seasons often held special significance for agrarian societies, whose lives revolved around planting and harvest times, and the change of seasons was often attended by ritual. In temperate and sub-polar regions, four seasons based on the Gregorian calendarare generally recognized: springsummerautumn or fall, and winter. The definition of seasons is also cultural. In India from the ancient times, six seasons or Ritu based on south Asian religious or cultural calendars are recognised and identified even today for the purposes such as agriculture and trade. Ecologists often use a six-season model for temperate climate regions which are not tied to any fixed calendar dates: prevernalvernalestivalserotinalautumnal, and hibernal. Many tropical regions have two seasons: the rainywet, or monsoon season and the dry season. Some have a third coolmild, or harmattanseason.
In some parts of the world, some other "seasons" capture the timing of important ecological events such as hurricane seasontornado season, and wildfireseason.[citation needed] The most historically important of these are the three seasons—floodgrowth, and low water—which were previously defined by the former annual flooding of the Nile in Egypt.
Tropical dry season in Maharashtra, India
Tropical wet season/monsoon in Maharashtra, India

All credit to Wikipedia

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